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8 Parts of Speech

8 Parts of Speech! The parts of speech explain how a word is used in a sentence. In this lesson, you will learn eight parts of speech in English (also known as word classes): nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections.

 

8 Parts of Speech

 


 

8 Parts of Speech in English

NOUN

  • A noun names a person, place, things or idea.
  • Examples: pen, house, book, teacher, students, daughter, thief, Mary, and etc.
  • Example Sentence: The teacher gives us a lot of homework.

ADVERB

  • An adverb tells how often, how, when, where. It can describe a verb, an adjective or an adverb.
  • Examples: frequently, seldom, sometimes, early, soon, etc.
  • Example Sentence: Don’t worry, he will get well soon!

VERB

  • A verb is a word or group of words that describes an action, experience.
  • Examples: study, think, prepare, realize, believe, look, see and etc.
  • Example Sentence: Jim studies hard to pass the final exam.

ADJECTIVE

  • An adjective describes a noun or pronoun.
  • Examples: tall, thin, red, beautiful, ugly, sweet, handsome and etc.
  • Example Sentence: You look so beautiful in that red dress.

PREPOSITION

  • A preposition is used before a noun, pronoun, or gerund to show place, time, direction in a sentence.
  • Examples: at, in, on, from, above, below etc.
  • Example Sentence: Be careful! the cat is lying under your table.

CONJUNCTION

  • Conjunctions join words or groups of words in a sentence.
  • Examples: so, until, and, because, yet, therefore, moreover, since, or,  but and etc.
  • Example Sentence: I have studied English since 1995.

PRONOUN

  • Pronouns replace the name of a person, place, thing or idea in a sentence.
  • Examples: this, that, he, she, it, we, they, him, her, and etc.
  • Example Sentence: This book belongs to her friend.

INTERJECTION

  • Interjections express strong emotion and are often followed by an exclamation point.
  • Examples: Hooray! Yeah! Oops! Phew! Bravo! Well! Aha!
  • Example Sentence: Yeah! Finally, I passed this exam!

 

THE EIGHT PARTS OF SPEECH

There are eight parts of speech in the English language: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. The part of speech indicates how the word functions in meaning as well as grammatically within the sentence. An individual word can function as more than one part of speech when used in different circumstances. Understanding parts of speech is essential for determining the correct definition of a word when using the dictionary.

1. NOUN

  • A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea.

man... Butte College... house... happiness

A noun is a word for a person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns are often used with an article (the, a, an), but not always. Proper nouns always start with a capital letter; common nouns do not. Nouns can be singular or plural, concrete or abstract. Nouns show possession by adding 's. Nouns can function in different roles within a sentence; for example, a noun can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, subject complement, or object of a preposition.

The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!

See the TIP Sheet on "Nouns" for further information.

2. PRONOUN

  • A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.

She... we... they... it

A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. A pronoun is usually substituted for a specific noun, which is called its antecedent. In the sentence above, the antecedent for the pronoun she is the girl. Pronouns are further defined by type: personal pronouns refer to specific persons or things; possessive pronouns indicate ownership; reflexive pronouns are used to emphasize another noun or pronoun; relative pronouns introduce a subordinate clause; and demonstrative pronouns identify, point to, or refer to nouns.

The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!

See the TIP Sheet on "Pronouns" for further information.

3. VERB

  • A verb expresses action or being.

jump... is... write... become

The verb in a sentence expresses action or being. There is a main verb and sometimes one or more helping verbs. ("She can sing." Sing is the main verb; can is the helping verb.) A verb must agree with its subject in number (both are singular or both are plural). Verbs also take different forms to express tense.

The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!

See the TIP Sheet on "Verbs" for more information.

4. ADJECTIVE

  • An adjective modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.

pretty... old... blue... smart

An adjective is a word used to modify or describe a noun or a pronoun. It usually answers the question of which one, what kind, or how many. (Articles [a, an, the] are usually classified as adjectives.)

The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!

See the TIP Sheet on "Adjectives" for more information.

5. ADVERB

  • An adverb modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

gently... extremely... carefully... well

An adverb describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb, but never a noun. It usually answers the questions of when, where, how, why, under what conditions, or to what degree. Adverbs often end in -ly.

The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!

See the TIP Sheet on "Adverbs" for more information.

6. PREPOSITION

  • A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in the sentence.

by... with.... about... until

(by the tree, with our friends, about the book, until tomorrow)

A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in the sentence. Therefore a preposition is always part of a prepositional phrase. The prepositional phrase almost always functions as an adjective or as an adverb. The following list includes the most common prepositions:

The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!

See the TIP Sheet on "Prepositions" for more information.

7. CONJUNCTION

  • A conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses.

and... but... or... while... because

A conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses, and indicates the relationship between the elements joined. Coordinating conjunctions connect grammatically equal elements: and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet. Subordinating conjunctions connect clauses that are not equal: because, although, while, since, etc. There are other types of conjunctions as well.

The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!

See the TIP Sheet on "Conjunctions" for more information.

8. INTERJECTION

  • An interjection is a word used to express emotion.

Oh!... Wow!... Oops!

An interjection is a word used to express emotion. It is often followed by an exclamation point.

The young girl brought me a very long letter from the teacher, and then she quickly disappeared. Oh my!